since 1994 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Maintenance instruction
+ 3. Engine (two top camshafts)
+ cooling System
+ Toplevnaya and exhaust systems
+ Electric chain
+ 7. Ignition system
+ 8. Electronic control unit and sensors
+ 10. Five-speed transmission and main RPO MM5 broadcast
+ 11. Automatic Transmission
- Running gear
13.2. Replacement of wheels
13.3. Wheel bolts
13.4. Running in of tires
13.5. Storage of tires
13.6. Balancing of wheels
13.7. Antisliding chains
13.8. Pressure check in tires
13.9. Check of a profile of tires
13.10. Gate check
13.11. Corners of installation of wheels of the car
13.12. Preliminary check of a technical condition
13.13. Adjustment of a convergence of forward wheels
13.14. Check of a convergence of back wheels
13.15. Check of a corner of disorder of back wheels
13.16. Designations of rims and tires
+ 14. Forward suspension bracket
+ 15. Drive of forward wheels
+ 16. Back suspension bracket
+ Brake system
+ Heating, ventilation
+ Electric equipment
The main requirement to a design of a steering and a forward suspension bracket – car safety.
Corners of installation of wheels should provide the minimum resistance to a kacheniye and wear of tires.
Disorder of wheels
Disorder of wheels is understood as a deviation from a vertical of the plane of rotation of wheels. The corner of disorder is measured in degrees and counted from a vertical. The size of a corner of disorder influences both controllability of the car, and on wear of tires.
At too big positive disorder of wheels fast wear of an external part of a protector of the tire is observed. Similarly, unduly bigger negative corner of disorder results in fast wear of an internal part of a protector of the tire. The disorder corner, as well as a longitudinal inclination of an axis шкворня, is not subject to adjustment in use the car.
The cross-section inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel promotes steady rectilinear movement of the car and provides stabilization of operated wheels. The corner of a cross-section inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel is executed by the negative.
The corner between the plane of rotation and an axis of turn of a wheel is measured in degrees in the cross-section plane of the car, see fig. Cross-section inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel. Value of this corner directly is not supervised, and is defined by summation (taking into account algebraic signs) corners of disorder and a cross-section inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel.
The shoulder обката is equal to distance between a trace of an axis of a rhinoceros of a wheel (passing through the bottom spherical hinge and the top support of a spring rack of a suspension bracket) on the basic plane and the center of a contact print of the tire. The size and a sign of a shoulder of oбката are defined by a design of a suspension bracket and are not subject to control and adjustment in use the car.